Historical Analysis of Monitored Natural Attenuation: A Survey of 191 Chlorinated Solvent Sites and 45 Solvent Plumes
﻿A survey of experts in the application of natural attenuation was conducted to better understand how monitored natural attenuation (MNA) is being applied at chlorinated solvent sites. Thirty-four remediation professionals provided general information for 191 sites where MNA was evaluated, and site-specific data for 45 chlorinated solvent plumes being remediated by MNA. Respondents indicated that MNA was precluded as a remedy at only 23 percent of all sites where evaluated as a remedial option. Leading factors excluding MNA as a remedial approach were the presence of an expanding plume and an unreasonably long estimated remediation time frame. MNA is being used as the sole remedy at about 30 percent of the sites, and 33 percent are implementing MNA in conjunction with source zone remediation. The remaining sites are implementing MNA with plume remediation (13 percent), source containment (9 percent), or some other strategy (16 per-plume remediation (13 percent), source containment (9 percent), or some other strategy (16 percent).
N/A, , January 2004, pp. --